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01 decembrie 2011 Afişări: 1036 Comentarii: 0 EU-Moldova Relationships Print

Moldova is on the top of the European Integration Index for Eastern Partnership Countries


Foto: Captură: Europa.md

The findings of the European Integration Index for Eastern Partnership Countries, editid on 21 November, shows the country scores in terms of the European Integration achievements. The best performing country on most aspects is Moldova, and the worst performing country is Belarus.

Moldova is the best performer in Linkage and Approximation and the second best in Management.
The country is very advanced in “Freedom, Security and Justice” (the best in both Linkage and Approximation), “Energy and Transport” (the best in Linkage and second best in Approximation), “Trade and Economic Integration” (second after Ukraine), “Education and People-to-People” (Linkage) and “Assistance.” It is also the best performer in “Democracy” and “Governance Quality” and the second best in “Rule of Law.”
In general, Moldova confirms the assumption that there is a relationship between Linkage, Approximation and Management in the sense that more and deeper links with the EU correlate with better performance at home (Approximation) and better Management of European integration. Apparently, political will seems to be the key to European integration.

Georgia also performs rather well. It is the best in Management, second best in Approximation after Moldova, and third best in Linkage, after Moldova and Ukraine. Given that Georgia has relatively low scores in Linkage compared to Ukraine and Moldova, geographical proximity may be making a difference. Georgia shows the best scores for “Rule of Law,” “Market Economy” and “Education and People-to-People” in Approximation, and the second highest score on “Assistance,” after Moldova, and “Environment,” after Belarus. It seems that Georgia has done well in the areas where there has been political will to reform.

Ukraine is the second best performer in Linkage, third best in Management, and Approximation. Ukraine shows the best results for “Political Dialogue” and “Trade and Economic Integration,” second best results in “Freedom, Security and Justice” (both Linkage and Approximation, along with Azerbaijan) and in “Democracy”.
Ukraine lags behind in “Energy and Transport” and “Education and People-to-People” for both Linkage and Approximation, in “Governance Quality,” “Market Economy,” “Environment”. Poor performance in terms of “Environment,” somewhat advanced than Azerbaijan, the laggard, has to do with the fact that both Ukraine and Azerbaijan are highly industrialized countries compared to other countries in the EaP region.

Armenia is generally doing worse than Moldova, Georgia and Ukraine, but better than Azerbaijan and Belarus. This holds true for such areas as “Freedom, Security and Justice” for Linkage, and “Democracy” and “Rule of Law”. This also holds true for Management. Yet, Armenia has showed relatively good results in Linkage “Political Dialogue” and “Trade and Economic Integration,” leaving Georgia behind; “Education and People-to-People” and “Assistance”, leaving Ukraine behind. It also has showed relatively good results in Approximation, having shared the third position with Ukraine. This is due to high scores in “Governance Quality,” where it is third after Moldova and Georgia, “Market Economy” where it is second only to Georgia, “Energy and Transport” where it is the best performer, and “Environment” where it is third only to Belarus and Georgia.

Azerbaijan is the second worst performing country on all three dimensions, coming after Belarus. It is ahead of Armenia and Belarus and also Georgia only in “Freedom, Security and Justice” for Approximation. It is the worst performing country in “Freedom, Security and Justice” for Approximation, “Assistance” and “Environment.” Yet, Azerbaijan is the second best performer in “Energy and Transport” for Linkage and “Education and People-to-People” for Approximation.

Belarus closed our list, since it shows the poorest scores on all three dimensions. “Environment” is the only exception: here, Belarus is the best performer of the six countries. Interestingly, Belarus also has the highest score for “Management of EU assistance.” Centralized management seems to be the factor at play here. Notably, the level of EU assistance to Belarus, as well as Azerbaijan, is considerably below the level of other EaP countries.

Key results of the research are as follow:

1. The findings of the Index show that Moldova is the best performer, coming first in Linkage and Approximation and second in Management.
2. The second best performer is Georgia, coming first in Management, second in Approximation, and third in Linkage.
3. Ukraine is the third best performer, ranking second in Linkage and third in Approximation—along with Armenia—and Management.
4. Armenia follows Ukraine, sharing third position with Ukraine in Approximation, but ranking fourth in Linkage and Management.
5. Azerbaijan follows Armenia, ranking fifth in all three dimensions.
6. Belarus closes the list, being the worst performer in all three dimensions.

Download the European Integration Index for Eastern Partnership Countries here

EUROPA.MD

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